Do Musicians Need Mental Toughness?

Mental toughness is a popular buzzword not just among athletes, coaches, and sport psychologists, but in the popular media as well. From Men’s Fitness to Forbes to NPR, many are talking about the benefits of mental toughness.

In a 1987 study of college wrestling for instance, 82% of the coaches involved rated mental toughness as the most important psychological attribute of successful wrestlers.

Consider that for all of Tiger Woods’s physical skills, he is lauded more for his mental toughness than anything else.

Remember Michael Jordan’s performance against the Utah Jazz in Game 5 of the 1997 NBA Finals (a.k.a. “the flu game” – click here for a 5-minute reminder)?

Then there is what some have called the most dramatic moment in Ironman history, where triathletes Sian Welch and Wendy Ingraham crawl to the finish line in a race for 4th and 5th place. Take a moment to watch their story below.

It’s easy to see the value of mental toughness in sports, and even business. But what about in music? Could mental toughness be a valuable asset for musicians?

What is mental toughness anyway?

Is it optimism? Confidence? Believing in oneself? Consistency? Desire? Determination? Focus and concentration? Willpower? Motivation? Courage? Here are 12 key characteristics of mental toughness, ranked in reverse order of importance, as voted on by a collection of elite international-level athletes (source).

#12. The ability to switch one’s focus on and off as needed

There are times when we need to be fully focused, and times where we can benefit more from relaxing our focus a bit (e.g. on during a performance, off during intermission).

#11. The ability to remain fully focused in the face of personal life distractions

Ongoing conflict with family members or a spouse, unpaid bills, the dirty fish tank that needs to be cleaned, all have to be blocked out in the moment of a performance.

#9-tie. The ability to thrive on performance pressure

As one of the study participants noted, “If you are going to achieve anything worthwhile, there is bound to be pressure. Mental toughness is being resilient and using the competition pressure to get the best out of yourself.”

#9-tie. The ability to focus on one’s own performance and not allow other competitors’ good or bad performances to negatively affect your own

Whether a competitor plays great or poorly, the focus should remain on your own performance as this is the only performance you have control over. The person right before you may have the audition of their life and sound amazing – but who’s to say you couldn’t go out and have the audition of your life and sound amazing too? Rather than saying “Wow, I can’t play like that” the mentally tough performer says “That has nothing to do with me. I’ve done the work, I’m as deserving of this as anybody, it’s my time to shine. I’m going to go out and play an awesome audition.”

#8. The ability to accept that competition anxiety is inevitable, but know that you can cope with it

Anxiety’s no picnic, but it certainly doesn’t have to keep us from doing our best.

#7. The ability to push past physical and emotional pain, while still maintaining technique and effort – even under adverse circumstances in training and competition

Musicians deal with physical, mental, and emotional limits too – how do we push past these when necessary? And no, I don’t mean pushing through pain, which I’m pretty sure is never a good idea for musicians.

#6. The ability to bounce back from unexpected or uncontrollable events

Staying focused and remaining in control of your mind even when the cab driver got lost on the way to the audition, the airlines lost your luggage and you’re wearing 2-day old clothes, the warm-up room was freezing, the construction next door is making a huge racket, and you just threw up in the bathroom because of some sort of stomach bug. And no, I’m not making these up – these are things that have actually happened to people in auditions.

#4-tie. Complete focus on the task at hand in the face of distractions

Staying focused on your performance, and not letting the cold hands, abnormally chatty proctor, and the sub-par lighting distract you.

#4-tie. Deep inner desire and overpowering desire to succeed

Wanting it bad. Not for the money, the recognition, or the acceptance of one’s family, friends, or peers, but for yourself. You can’t imagine doing anything else, because this is who you are.

#3. Unshakable belief in yourself, and the belief that you have unique qualities or abilities that make you better than your competition

Believing that you have something unique to offer, something that sets you apart from others. Believing that the orchestra would benefit from your being in it, and knowing what value you add.

#2. Increased determination and resilience in the face of setbacks

Knowing that there are always potholes and detours on the road to success, but using these setbacks as a way to recommit to your goal, reaffirm your determination, and keep forging ahead.

#1. Unshakable belief in your ability to achieve your goals

As another study participant noted, “If you want to be the best…you have to be strong enough to believe you are capable of that.”

The verdict

So what do you think? The term “mental toughness” sounds out of place in the context of music, but wouldn’t it be a valuable attribute for musicians to have? You can probably guess where I stand, and I’ll revisit the issue in future posts, with ideas on how to develop various aspects of mental toughness.

The one-sentence summary

“Concentration and mental toughness are the margins of victory.” ~Bill Russell (5-time NBA MVP and 12-time All-Star)

Ack! After Countless Hours of Practice...
Why Are Performances Still So Hit or Miss?

For most of my life, I assumed that I wasn’t practicing enough. And that eventually, with time and performance experience, the nerves would just go away.

But in the same way that “practice, practice, practice” wasn’t the answer, “perform, perform, perform” wasn’t the answer either. In fact, simply performing more, without the tools to facilitate more positive performance experiences, just led to more negative performance experiences!

Eventually, I discovered that elite athletes are successful in shrinking this gap between practice and performance, because their training looks fundamentally different. In that it includes specialized mental and physical practice strategies that are oriented around the retrieval of skills under pressure.

It was a very different approach to practice, that not only made performing a more positive experience, but practicing a more enjoyable experience too (which I certainly didn’t expect!).

If you’ve been wanting to perform more consistently and get more out of your daily practice, I’d love to share these research-based skills and strategies that can help you beat nerves and play more like yourself when it counts.

Click below to learn more about Beyond Practicing, and start enjoying more satisfying practice days that also transfer to the stage.


8 Responses

  1. Wow…this couldn’t come at a better time. I am dealing with a major setback in my life right now. I keep telling myself that I can’t let it disrupt my goal of making a couple of recordings and hopefully do a couple of performances in 2012 that can be pivotal in my life. I just purchased a new flute and it has been the biggest investment of my life. I have remained focused on my music while not losing contact with my other situations. Excellent post, Dr.Kageyama.

  2. I would like to add that 2 weeks ago I had a performance where I was under much stress regarding my personal issues. At the last minute I was given a solo to perform at the end of a contemporary piece that had to be improvised. I was able to not only perform this piece well, but I soared. The one constant variable in my life is indeed, music.

    1. You know, it’s interesting. Some folks find that when there are external life issues causing stress, this takes their focus away from music and performing. There are also folks who find that in times like this, music and performing become an escape, where their problems fade into the background, and they have some really magical times on-stage. Any idea what helped you achieve the latter in this particular instance?

  3. Dr. Noa, at my age, 54, it gets to the point as to what is really important. My problems didn’t sink into the background. Relationships come, go and change. Although I have to work very hard at my musical abilities, those abilities continue to grow and strengthen regardless of what issues life throws my way. Besides, professionalism requires the ability to play outside of lifes’ issues so that the audience is totally unaware of anything except the beauty of the music. It was my time to shine and have fun and I was not going to let anything mess that up.

    Also, the fact that I just purchased a brand new instrument also had some influence. No way was I going to chuck away $6,000 and not play any less than the best of my ability.

  4. I have suffered my entire life with performance anxiety. I have realized that I didn’t have the mental toughness necessary to be a performing musician. I was able to hide my fear for many years and perform well. I notice as i get older that my fears are harder to hide. I do not know what to do.

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